The The Distortion of Islamic Doctrine
Is There a Culture of Bigotry and Violence in Islam?
by Faysal Burhan
This article was first published on the website OnIslam.
Although the following article touches on the subject of extremism and hatred in the creed of Salafi/Wahhabi, the author excludes those who practice true Islam and moderation, promote peace and security, and are faithful Islam and to God.
This paper discusses the dangerous epidemic of extremism and violence, facing the Muslim Ummah today, and answers the question of whether Islam or Wahhabi/Salafi creed is responsible for the bigotry and violence? This write-up will also show the twisting of the meaning of certain Islamic doctrine and Qur’anic verses for the creed’s political agenda.
In the West, at some congregational prayers or ceremonial speeches, one gets the idea that Islam has a culture of bigotry and hatred, negating the teachings of Islam in this respect. In America, where Muslims make up less than one percent of the population, there are some ‘religious leaders’ that preach intolerance, dislike and extreme aversion against the vast majority of the people surrounding them.
There are some whose speeches are made with distasteful tones using the terms (kaffereen), infidels, (mushrikeen) making associates to God, (najas), filthy and (zanadeeq), heretics. Such terms insinuate hatred, disgust, distaste and antagonism towards those who are not Muslims or even those Muslims who do not think as they do. While the mainstream Islamic majority leaders in America are calling for interaction with their surrounding communities, the improper preaching of the few, encourage not only hatred, but also isolation of Muslims from the rest of the communities.
New and layman Muslims, and the youth are often the primary victims of this culture. Youth, with so much energy, can easily be manipulated into violence. What is more appalling than preaching hate is that the Wahhabi creed permits its adherents to wage actual war against people of their own faith, accusing them of being heretics in a twisted monotheism belief. Yet, Allah (SWT) divulges that whoever slays a believer is destined to Hell fire.
“But whoever kills a believer intentionally - his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.” Qur’an 4:93
Samahatul-Islam, The Fabric of Ease, Kindness and Graceful Human Relational and Charitable Doctrines of Islam
Before speaking about hatred and extremism, conducted by some, it is necessary to introduce the qualities of Islam that makes it global, merciful and appealing to all.
Most Muslims grew up learning about what is known as “Samahatul-Islam:” the fabric of peace and mercy; moderation as to excessiveness; easiness as to difficulty and hardship; broadmindedness as to narrowness and restriction; the variety of ways to accomplish an act of worship as to just one strict way; acceptance of others, and the human relational and charitable criteria. These are some of the many qualities one finds in the study of “Samahatul-Islam.” Related to our topic of bigotry and violence, only mercy and the human relational and charitable characteristics of Islam are highlighted.
Contrary to ISIS’ crimes, and the slaughter of human beings, Islam gracefully cherishes relational and charitable beliefs, including, the sacredness and sanction of the souls, the recognition of all people as fellow human beings, forcing no one to take up Islam, policing no one for their belief, and having mercy, care and compassion for all God’s creations. Every Muslim has duly charitable obligations to family, relatives, neighbors, friends, communities and nations. A reflection on a few of the Qur’anic verses about these principles follows.
1- All people are equal; the best of them are the most righteous.
“O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes (lita’arafu), so that you may know and deal with one another in kindness. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” Qur’an 49:13
This verse lays out the standards for peaceful cooperative coexistence of all people and all nations. The word ta’arafu is interpreted as “learning of each other for the purpose of collaboration.” The ‘collaboration’ is in all aspects of life. The ‘learning’ includes: social customs, natural resources, technology, industry, agriculture, and other environmental elements common to all people. The ‘collaboration’ is unlimited: it can be in diplomacy, exchange of resources, technology, industry, agriculture, environmental protection, and in all other walks of life.
2- A specialized relationship with the People of the Book, the Jews and the Christians. (they received the earlier scriptures that Islam confirms)
“Say, [O believers], we have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him." Qur'an, 2:136
“Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes from being righteous and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.” Qur’an 60:8
“And indeed, among the People of the Book are those who believe in Allah and what was revealed to you and what was revealed to them, [being] humbly submissive to Allah. They do not exchange the verses of Allah for a small price. Those will have their reward with their Lord. Indeed, Allah is swift in account.” Qur’an 3:199
“Say, "O People of the Scripture, come to a word that is equitable between us and you - that we will not worship except Allah and not associate anything with Him and not take one another as lords instead of Allah." But if they turn away, then say, "Bear witness that we are Muslims [submitting to Him]."” Qur’an 3:64
“And dispute not with the People of the Book except with means better (than mere disputation), unless it be with those of them who inflect wrong and injury, and say, "We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you. And our God and your God is one; and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him." Qur’an 29:46
3- No compulsion, no authority over belief.
(link Who is isis, add the drivers images) ISIS’ indiscriminate killing of people for their belief, the destruction of property, the rape of girls, the burning of people, theft and robbery, and transgression against all human beings is not per Islam’s teachings, but is per the teachings of their Salafi/Wahhabi creed. The noble and graceful principles of Islam regarding the permission of different beliefs are clear. Following are some examples. Link the drivers
a) Islam teaches, “there is no compulsion in matters of faith.”
Conviction and whole-hearted acceptance can only make a true belief. The Qur’an makes this principle clear, it states:
“There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves in Taghut (tyranny and injustice) and believes in Allah has grasped the trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” Qur’an, 2:256
b) Islam imposes no authority over people to practice it.
The Qur’an instructs Prophet Muhammad to make no authority upon people to practice his teachings. He is only obligated to deliver, not to police and monitor. The following verses affirm this claim. Allah (SWT) said:
“If it had been Allah's plan, they would not have taken false gods: but We made you not one to watch over their doings, nor are you set over them to dispose of their affairs.” Qur’an, 6:107
“But if they turn away, thy duty is only to preach the clear Message.” Qur’an, 16:82
“Whoever pays heed unto the Apostle pays heed unto God thereby; and as for those who turn away - We have not sent you [oh Muhammad] to be their keeper, governing their activities.” Qur’an, 4:80
“Proofs have come unto you from your Lord, so whoso sees, it is for his own good, and whoso is blind is blind to his own harm. And I am not (here) to watch over your doings." Qur’an, 6:104
More Qur'anic verses for no authority over people's belief, see 16:35, 13:40.
In regard to the above verse (4:80), al-Fakhr al-Razi in his Grand Tafseer states that Allah tells Muhammad (p) that ‘his job is not to force people to follow him…He is merely to preach the message he has been given.’ If this is what the Qur’an is clearly stating, then which principles is ISIS following Islam or Salafism/Wahhabism?
c) God created people with different beliefs.
The Qur’an clearly outlines God’s will in permitting people to choose their faith and creed. Allah (SWT) said:
“And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed - all of them entirely. Then, [O Muhammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?” Qur’an, 10:99
d) The message of Islam came as a mercy to the world.
“And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds.” Qur'an, 21:107
“O mankind, there has come to you instruction from your Lord and healing for what is in the breasts (hearts) and guidance and mercy for the believers.” Qur’an 10:57
Prophet Muhammad’s entire life is a reflection of his merciful and compassionate nature. See opening of Mecca, His mercy was manifest even in war. His actions and some of his instructions are: no elders, women, children, and no combatants be killed; no burning of crops and trees, nevertheless people (link ISIS); no destruction of monasteries and temples. These are just a few of the ethics of Islam. See The Ethics of War.
The spiritual, social, and political knowledge contained in the Qur’an, the various civic and safety rules and regulations, and guidance are not only a mercy to the Muslims, but to all of God’s creations. The mercy is embodied in many ways and forms: protection of the soul, racing for doing pious work; establishing societies based on values and ethics, even in war; mercy to animals and other creations of God; protection of the environment; opening the fields of learning for all; dissemination of peace and security; prevention of injustice, slavery and exploitation; and the list goes on and on.
e) Allah (SWT) rewards those who do good.
The Qur’an states:
“Indeed, those who believed and those who were Jews or Christians or Sabeans - those who believed in Allah and the Last Day and did righteousness - will have their reward with their Lord, and no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve.” Qur’an, 2:6
f) Sanctity of the human soul.
The soul is part of the divinity that Allah endowed people with. Allah imposed safeguards in its protection. Allah (SWT) said:
“Whoever slew a person unless for a murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it is as if he slew the whole of mankind. And whoever saves a life - it is as if he has saved the life of the whole mankind.” Qur’an, 5:32
Verse 5:30 emphasizes the sanctity of the soul so much so that a crime of slaying one soul in the sight of God is like slaying the whole of mankind. On the other hand, saving the life of one soul in the sight of God is like saving the entirety of mankind. The soul saving is not limited to wars or natural catastrophes, but can include all safety regulations in medicine, traffic, industry and environmental regulations.
(Link “the Mufti of Syria…” in addressing xzxz, the Grand Mufti of Syria…)
Based on the above verses from the Qur'an, there can be no wondering as to what ISIS practices and follows, Allah and the teachings of the Qur’an or the Salafi/Wahhabi creed?
The above verses of the Holy Qur’an represent windows into the nature of Islam’s esteemed relational aspects with all people, and especially of those who received the Scriptures before Muhammad, like the Jews and Christians. Islam sees the world’s nations and communities as a one-city community living together with different faiths and philosophies, yet cooperating with each other in all facets of life. The best of them, in the sight of God, are the most virtuous. Mercy, fairness and compassion are the base for dealing with one another, away from exploitation and injustice.
So what are the elements that led to the creation of extremism and the radical groups like al-Qaida and ISIS?
Foraging Bigotry and Extremism
Twisting the Meaning of Certain Verses to Insinuate Bigotry
Having explained “Samahatul-Islam,” I would like to relay to the readers an experience I had at a congregational prayer, which is one of many such experiences:
A young bearded Imam wearing a short dress reaching several inches below his knees, and a headwear (see below: Is Wearing a Head Cover for Men and Robes Sunnah (Prophetic Tradition), began warning the congregation of the danger of the community they live in: Christians and Jews associate others with Allah; disbelievers fill the surroundings with vice; the streets are filled with bad habits music, drinking and sex; and people refusing to take-up Islam. Then he explained that none of [these people’s] deeds will be accepted by Allah, no matter how good these deeds were. He recited the following verse in support of his claim:
“And whoever desires other than Islam as religion - never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.” Qur’an, 3:85
Even though he did not explicitly say it, the Imam’s theory of deed rejection is based on the rejection of the religion. Yes, the verses he stated talks about “religion” accepting criteria, but this concept is twisted to effect hatred toward all others who are not Muslims. Why should a criterion set by God for accepting a religion and hence a deed be used to insinuate hatred? Has the Imam forgotten the sets of criteria that a believing Muslim must meet before his or her own deeds are accepted? Humility and sincerity for doing such a deed, no bragging and showing off are some of the many conditions for deed acceptance in Islam. Why the discrimination in dead acceptance and fueling of bigotry?
Similarly, at a Mosque near Denver Colorado, as the author’s attention was taken by a booklet with the title, “The Enemies of Woman.” A quick browsing of the contents of the booklet reveals that the enemies of a woman are three: the Christians, the Jews and Western modernism. The reason for this enmity, the booklet explains, is the exploitation of sex, and the lack of sexual limitations in the West. The question that comes to mind is why a sexual matter common to all people of all faiths turned into bigotry? Are Muslims innocent of sexual luring? In fact, the entire booklet cannot be seen as anything other than a hate tactic against Christian and Jews.
Far more troubling than preaching bigotry to be discovered, was that the author of the booklet of the enemies of women was not an ordinary person or an overly zealous young Muslim, but rather it was one of the most respected Salafi/Wahhabi spiritual leaders in modern times: the late Mufti of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz. Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz was and still is considered as an icon of learning for most of the modern Wahhabi/Salafi world.
Instead of addressing the actual issue of sex exploitation, and how Islam treated the subject matter, the highest spiritual leader of an “Islamic State,” indirectly, with a distorted viewpoint, used an ordinary matter of sex to fuel hate and bigotry.
What else can be expected from preaching hate and bigot attitudes other than bloodshed and violence? A clear picture of such teachings is the recent and continuous slay of people and destruction in Iraq, Libya, Egypt and Syria on the hands of the Wahhabi creed followers.
The last time my family and I were in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, June 2011, visiting with dear friends of ours, they informed us of the great task-taking place in Medina, Saudi Arabia. They had taken on the task of translating the Holy Qur’an and producing it by the millions into many different languages. The translated copies are then distributed, free of charge, to designated entities and parties around the world. My friend spoke about the hundreds of experts and scholars supporting this effort, ensuring accuracy and authenticity. She showed me an English translated copy.
As I was looking into the translation to see if certain misinterpreted verses had been corrected, I was quite surprised to see the same error that Yusuf Ali Abdallah had made in his translation of the holy Qur’an in 1934, were still there. I had thought that Yusuf Ali had translated the word wrongly because his native language, which was not Arabic. I came to believe that such a mistake was not due to a language difference, but rather it is due to a Wahhabi twist for effecting negative teachings toward Christians and Jews
For example, in the following verse the word awliya’ (allies solicited for victory in war) was wrongly translated as “friends and protectors.” The verse in question states:
“O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as Awliya’. They are [in fact] Awliya’ of one another. And whoever Yatawalahum from amongst you - then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people.” Qur’an 5:51
The following is the English translation of the above verse by the English Translation of the Qur’an by King Fahd Holy Qur’an Printing Complex, Medina, Saudi Arabia, revised and edited by the Department of Islamic Research, Ifta (Department of Verdicts), Call and Guidance, http://www.dar-us-salam.com/TheNobleQuran/indix.html.
“O you who have believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians for your friends and protectors: They are the friends and protectors of each other. And he amongst you that turns to them (for friendship) is of them. Verily Allah guideth not a people unjust.” Qur’an 5:51
How did the Great Authority Interpreters of the Holy Qur’an Interpret the Word Awliya'?
Dr. Zuhaily of al-Tafseer al-Muneer explained the Arabic word Awliya’ in the verse above as “allied,” affecting victory in times of war. Dr. Zuhaily stated that Ibn Ishaq, Ibn Abi Shayba, Ibn Jareer, Ibn Abi Hatem and Albayhaqi, in their respective Tafseer Volumes, reported that this verse was revealed by God to Prophet Muhammad when the Jews of Banu Qunayqa’ broke the covenant between them and the Muslims, due to the killing of a Muslim man for defending the honor of a Muslim woman. Then, Ubadah ibn al-Samit, a companion of the Prophet, cancelled his alliance and pact with the Jews.
In the Words Meaning Section of al-Tafseer al-Muneer, Dr. Zuhaily gave the meaning of Awliya’ as “allies solicited for victory in war.” In the same manner al Fakher al Razi in the Grand Tafseer of the Holy Qur’an, explained Awliya’ as “allies and supporters of a particular camp.” In fact, al Razi went further to explain the types of alliances and what may or may not be admissible in Islam. Ibn Katheer, in his Tafseer of the Holy Qur’an also explained Awliya’ as “allies.”
While some allies may or may not be friends, translating Awliya’ as friends is totally inaccurate, since an ally may not necessarily be a friend at all. Alliance can be a result of interest in a particular economic venture; can be a common interest due to geography such as land or water; it can also be for personal interest or gain such as petroleum companies on foreign lands.
It is interesting to see a verse in the Qur’an on the subject of ‘believers take friendship with enemies’ of Allah and His Prophet, but yet the word awliya is not in the verse. The word used is Yuwadoona meaning, warm-companionate relationship. Allah said:
“You cannot find people who [truly] believe in God and the Last Day [at the same time] love [have affection with] anyone who contends against God and His Apostle – even though they be their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or others [of their] kind.”
Note: The Arabic word for ‘contends against’ is ‘Hhad,’ meaning warring, challenging, and adverse [to God and His Prophet]. Although, the verse applies in times of war and peace, the implication is closer to wartime than peacetime.
Finally, the Arabic word for friend is “Sadeeq.” This word appears in three places in the Holy Qur’an; one in conjunction with the friends of Joseph (Yusuf) and another in conjunction with the absence of a close friend in the Hereafter, and the third is in conjunction with eating at the house of a friend. The word Sadeeq or its derivative does not appear in the verse in question. The reason for this is simple; changing the word awliya’ into sadeeq would mean Allah contradicts Himself and that is impossible. All glory is to Allah as He does not make mistakes.
Similar to the wrong translation of Chapter 5, verse 51 above, are the verses 1, Surah 60: and verse 57, Surah 5, which were also wrongly translated by the same institution of King Fahd. The correct translation of Awliya’ as allies is seen correctly in Sahih (Authentic) International translation of the Holy Qur’an, which reads:
“O you who have believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you - then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people.” Qur’an, 5:51
Those who translated Awliya' into friends did not do justice to the Qur'an nor Islam. No one who understands the spirit and essence of the message of Islam and the Holy Qur’an would interpret the word Awliya’ as friends.
Another Evidence of Bigotry
In discussing this issue with another dear friend from Saudi Arabia, I was told “In my childhood, we (he and his classmates) were taught in our school not to take the Christians and Jews as friends.” A clear reference supporting my friend’s claim is found in another English translated Qur’an from Saudi Arabia, “The English Translation of the Noble Qur’an.” In the opening chapter of the Qur’an, Al Fatiha, in Verse 7, there are two clauses “al Maghdoobi Alayhim” and “ad Dhaleen,” meaning “those who incurred [Your] wrath” and “those who went astray” respectively.
Here is the translation of the Saudi translated Noble Qur’an.
“The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not the way of those who earned Your anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who went astray (such as the Christians).” http://www.dar-us-salam.com/TheNobleQuran/indix.html
As one can see, the clauses “such as the Jews” and “such as the Christians” were, in a twist, made to appear as integral parts of the meaning of the verses so that the reader is indirectly infused with hatred for the Jews and the Christians. The actual meaning is who “earned Your anger,” and “who went astray.” Those “earning anger” and “went astray” can be Muslims or non-Muslims alike. But only the Jews and Christians are singled out. This act is a clear twist to the meaning of the words of the Qur’an for affecting enmity and negativity toward the Jews and Christians.
The verse above (1:7) is read at least 17 times in Muslims’ daily prayers. The prayer in Islam is a mechanism for exercising the soul in humility, connectivity and closeness with God; it is not a training institution of intolerance, prejudice, and hate.
Al-Walaa and Al-Barra Principle (loyalty and friendship vs. disavowal and enmity)
Al-Walaa and al-Barra is a Salafi/Wahhabi doctrine that has recently been made as “the most important principle of Islam.” Nevertheless, as I read the al-Walaa and al-Barra principle, I found it to be a distortion of the verses above, and a generalization of the verses dealing with the subject of warfare. Furthermore, “disavowal and enmity” is in violation to many principles and the spirit of Islam.
As can be seen in the image below, this “loyalty and friendship and disavowal and enmity” has become equal to the “entirety of faith” of a believer. It states, “Just as the faith increases or decreases, this ‘principle’ [al-Walaa and al-Barra] increases or decreases and if it is completely destroyed in a person’s heart, this means that faith has been destroyed entirely also ….”
This claim is a distortion as well as a generalization. This distortion changes the meaning of the words of the Qur’an for awliya, from allied to friends as explained above.
Taking a specific principle for a specific matter and applying it across the board is the generalization fault the Salafi/Wahhabi are committing. The “disavowal and enmity” misuses the Islamic principle for taking a stand of hate against people who aid the Muslims’ enemy during war, and applying it to disbelievers across the board, even though the mass majority of disbelievers are not engaged in animosity against Islam or Muslims.
According to Dr. Adnan Ibrahim, al-Baraa (to hate, and disassociate) applies only to disbelievers fighting the Muslims or committing aggressions against Islam, and not on those who are at peace with Islam and Muslims.
Dr Ibrahim states that Allah, in the Qur’an commands Muslims to be good and just to those disbelievers who “do not fight them for their religion and kick them out of their homes, from being good and just to them, Allah said:
“Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity.” Qur’an, 60:8.
The “disavowal and enmity” with most nations of the world is in direct conflict with the code of Allah and his creation. As stated earlier in "Samahatul-Islam" section, Allah SWT laid out the standard of his creation on the principle of ta’aruf, ‘peaceful cooperative coexistence of all people and all nations,’ and righteousness. The most noble of the creation, in the sight of Allah, is the most righteous, not the most with enmity and bigotry.
“O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes (lita’arafu), so that you may know and deal with one another in kindness. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” Qur’an, 49:13
Another Qur’anic command of goodness for all people is seen in Surah 4, Verse 88. Here, Allah SWT is directing the Muslims to return the greetings of ‘people,’ all or anyone, with better or at least equal greeting. This promotes virtue and peace for all, not rancor:
“Answer a greeting in kinder words than those said to you in the greeting or at least as kind. God keeps account of all things.” Qur’an 4:86
The Natural Feelings of Love and Hate
Love and hate comes instinctively as a reaction to feelings. People naturally love their parents, families and relatives. Recognizing these facts, the Qur’an teaches:
“But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.” Qur’an, 31:15
Similarly, in another verse, the Qur’an addresses Prophet Muhammad regarding disbelievers he liked to be guided, saying,
“[of the disbelievers] Surely you cannot guide whom you love, but Allah guides whom He pleases, and He knows best the followers of the right way.” Qur'an, 28:56
Examples of Love Toward Certain Disbelievers From the Life of the Prophet and his Companions
Prophet Muhammad loved his uncle Abu Talib, yet, his uncle was a disbeliever. Historians named the year in which his uncle died as the ‘Year of Sadness,’ in reference to the Prophet’s sorrow for the death of his uncle and his wife, Khadijah. Both, his uncle and wife greatly supported the Prophet in carrying out the duties of his mission. The Prophet said regarding his uncle: “Quraysh couldn't hurt me [so severely] until Abu Talib died.“
Another biographical story which shows the Prophet’s care and compassion for an Idolater is al-Mutim bin Adi. After the battle of Badr, while speaking about the prisoners, the Prophet said, "Were Al-Mutim bin Adi alive and interceded with me for these filthy prisoners of war, I would release them for his sake."
Al-Mutim ben Addi gave protection to Prophet Muhammad, during his early Meccan crisis and was also one of the people who voted to end the 28 month boycott against the Prophet and his clan. Furthermore, the Muslims were saddened about the death of Al-Mutim. It was reported that Hassan Ibn Thabit, the Prophet’s poet, composed several lines of poetry when al-Mutim died. https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/??????_??_???
Moreover, Prophet Muhammad, held the disbelieving tribe of Khuza’ah, as consultants and friends. He listened to their advices and they kept his secrets from Quraysh. https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/?????_(?????)
Another example is Prophet Muhammad’s reaction to the evil act of Hatib Ibn Abi Balta’ah, who was a companion of the Prophet. He sent a letter to Quraysh of Mecca, revealing the Prophet’s secret plan to attack Mecca.
Hatib wrote a letter to the enemy of Quraysh in Mecca telling them about the Prophet’s intent to return to Mecca and gave it to a servant to deliver to them.
When the Prophet found that Hatib had done this, for fear that the Meccans would harm his unprotected family there, and not out of love of the Idolater Quraysh or of their religion, he did not reprimand Hatib or considered him a disbeliever. The Prophet’s approach to Hatib’s act confers the inherit fault of “disavowal and enmity,“ and supports Islam’s view of rationality, and for not taking an enmity blanket view for all disbelievers.
The Account of the “Disavowal and Enmity” Verses
There are verses in the Holy Qur’an that command Muslims’ disapproval of the evil acts of certain people, Muslims or otherwise. Such view includes people, who engage in animosity and hostility against Allah, Muslims or Islam, stemming from their love and passion for the disbeliever’s religion. Allah states:
“You cannot find people who [truly] believe in God and the Last Day [at the same time] love [have affection with] anyone who contends against God and His Apostle – even though they be their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or others [of their] kind.”
As mentioned above, the Arabic word used for ‘contends against’ is ‘HHad,’ meaning warring, challenging, and committing adverse actions, in this case, against God and His Prophet.
Similarly, the topic of the following verse also centers on combat conditions, such as spying, assassinating or assisting the disbelievers on the account of the believers.
“Let not the believers take the disbelievers as allies, instead of the believers, and whoever does that will never be helped by Allah in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allah warns you against Himself (His Punishment), and to Allah is the final return. Quran, 3:28
The above verses and biography examples are solid substantiations questioning the validity and the wrong generalization of the principle of al-Barra.
Al-Barra should only be made against people who support the enemy of disbelievers, who are engaged in combatant situations against Islam and befriending and loving the disbelievers for their religion.
Generalizing hostility for all non-Muslims, and alluding it to Islam, is an offense against Allah, the Qur’an and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad.
The Qur’an Does Not Contradict Itself
Did those who claim and teach Muslims not to take the Jews and Christians as friends, not reflect on the words of Allah (SWT) in the Qur’an, 60:8, that says:
“Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes (an tabaroohum, from birr) - from being righteous and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.” Qur’an, 60:8
In the verse above, Allah (SWT) describes the manners in which Muslims deal with unbelievers by Birr. Birr is the highest level of mannerism and ethics in the Muslim culture. At this high level of compassion, Muslims are summoned to deal with unbelievers, who do not fight them for their faith and expel them from their homes. With birr, children demonstrate their behavior toward their parents and the elderly. This type of honorable mannerism is far more than just friendship.
Allah (SWT) Permitted Marriage For Muslims With Christians and Jews
From another perspective, Allah (SWT) permits the male Muslim to marry a female Christian or Jew, and describes the marital relationship as intimate.
“And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought.” Qur’an, 30:21
Can intimacy be realized without friendship? Marital relationships are weaved in passion, over and above just friendship. It is only people with distasteful agendas and repugnant Ta’soub, narrow mindedness and extremism, who have the gall to transgress the boundaries of Allah and defame His religion by twisting the meaning of the words of the Qur’an to serve their own agenda.
Offensive Are the Acts of Excessiveness in Religion and the Twisting of the Words of the Qur’an
The curse of God goes on those who devotedly change the true meaning of the words of the Qur’an; who faithfully tarnish the image of Islam; excessiveness in religion; and who fuel hatred and intolerance between people. Instead of pleasing Allah in promoting peace, mercy and compassion for all, they create falsehood, discord, dissension and enmity. To those, Allah said:
“Among the Jews are those who distort words from their [proper] usages and say, "We hear and disobey" and "Hear but be not heard" and "Ra'ina," twisting their tongues and defaming the religion. And if they had said [instead], "We hear and obey" and "Wait for us [to understand]," it would have been better for them and more suitable. But Allah has cursed them for their disbelief, so they believe not, except for a few.” Qur’an, 4:46
Are the Wahhabis doing the same act, the Jews were cursed for? I wonder about some people, who refuse but to earn the curse of Allah?
“Say, "O People of the Scripture, do not exceed limits in your religion beyond the truth and do not follow the inclinations of a people who had gone astray before and misled many and have strayed from the soundness of the way."” Qur’an, 5:77
Allah (SWT) also said:
“Do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth.” Qur’an, 4:171
Egypt’s Coptic and Muslim Animosity
Is the discord and animosity between the Coptic Christians and some Muslims in Egypt an example of this culture of bigotry? Nowhere in the Muslim world does one find hate and enmity between Muslims and Christians like that of Egypt.
The Wahhabi creed has been creeping into Egypt from Saudi Arabia for decades. In a television interview, Hassan al Banna’s (founder of the Muslim Brotherhood Party) younger brother, Jamal, was asked about why the belief of “extremism and radicalism” encompasses the Muslim Brotherhood’s philosophy. His response was that many members of the Muslim Brotherhood, who left Egypt to Saudi Arabia for work in the early 1960s, when petroleum was discovered, returned to Egypt carrying the Salafi/Wahhabi creed with them.
In addition, there is an annual youth training program in Salafi/Wahhabi belief that organizes trips to Saudi Arabia from Egypt during the Hajj season. After the Hajj ritual is over, the youth stay in Saudi Arabia for several more months in training camps, until the time of Umra, the Lesser Pilgrimage, whereby the attendees perform Umra, before returning back to Egypt.
Unlike Saudi Arabia, where there is no Christian population to inflict a conflict, Egypt has a Christian Coptic population, where the creed’s seeds of bigotry soon produced animosity and conflict between the two groups. Check out the following link for more details. https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ehAuceckfbU - !
Wahhabi-Salafi Background in Egypt
Here is a link for a little historical background from Global Politician on Wahhabi history and Egypt, http://www.globalpolitician.com/default.asp?23661-saudi/ - _ftn15
“Wahhabism was largely confined to the Arabian peninsula until the 1960s, when the Saudi monarchy gave refuge to radical members of the Muslim Brotherhood fleeing persecution in Nasser's Egypt. A cross-fertilization of sorts occurred between the atavistic but isolated Wahhabi creed of the Saudi religious establishment and the Salafi jihadist teachings of Sayyid Qutab.
Qutab denounced secular Arab rulers as unbelievers and proclaimed them to be legitimate targets of jihad. "It was the synthesis of the twain-Wahhabi social and cultural conservatism, and Qutbist political radicalism that produced the militant variety of Wahhabist political Islam that eventually (produced) al-Qaeda [and later ISIS]."
Salafi/Wahhabists: Responsible for the Destruction of Syria
Intolerance and hate by extremism does not stop at breeding antagonism only, such as that between certain Muslims groups and Coptic Christians of Egypt, but much worse, it drove an actual Wahhabi/Salafi invasion of Syria.
The initial Syrian crisis was actually a wagon that Saudi Arabia had dreamed for to infiltrate the crisis and practically invade Syria. The following links are just few of many showing Saudi Arabia involvement in Syria.
Saudi/Qatari satellites and television stations, as well as the social media, were practically rockets and missiles, loaded with ammunitions of hate and jihadi statements against the Syrian government and hence its people.
No sooner had the Syrian crisis begun, Saudi Arabia and Qatar began financing and supplying arms to the Syrian rebels, followed by infiltrating a massive Wahhabi/Salifi jihadist’s roundup from the Saudi jails and the Gulf area.
As a result, the “improve Syria” movement turned the entire country into bloody war zones and devastation. The Salafi/Wahhabi state committed a mass murder of so many Syrian people, and a near total destruction of infrastructure, resources, properties, businesses, health, education, and industry and agriculture institutions. See UN reports.
High Ranking Salfi Cleric Urges an Ethnic Destructive Civil War in Syria
Salafi clerics stormed the media networks and satellites with bitterness against Alawis and the government of Syria, and started an ethnic destructive civil war that ruined the entire country. The following links show a Salafi/Wahhabi Sheikh, Head of the Supreme Judicial Council of Saudi Arabia, Saleh Al-Luhaidan, urging the Syrians to wage an “internal civil war, killing the Alawi, as they are the remaining part of the extinct Shia Fatimid Dynasty.”
Sheikh al-Luaidan’s extreme belief shows no concern for the slaying of as many as “one third of the Syrian population,” to accomplish the mission of bringing down, what he described as, “pernicious, obscene, atheist and dangerous Nussayri (Alawi Shia) government of Syria.”
Note: The Syrian population as of 2011 was about 21 million people. For Sheikh Al-Luhaidan’s “jihadi civil war urging,” this translates to the slaughter of seven million souls. All the slaying and the associated atrocities have been made to satisfy Al-Luhaidan’s creed.
It is amazing how Salafi/Wahhabi ta’ssub, (blind and deep attachment to their creed) drives its members to wage a war while toppling a peaceful nation and consuming one third of its people. The reason for these atrocities, according to Al Luhaidan’s irrational opinion, is to topple the “Nussayri (Alawi Shia) government of Syria.” Al-Luhaidan based his Alawi “jihad” call on the teaching of his master Ibn Taymiyyah, whom he quoted as saying: “Those of the Nussayri [Alawi] clans are awla, foremost in fighting against first, than other [infidels]."
It is indeed disgraceful to see prominent Muslims fueling ethnic differences and prejudice that are totally banned in the Qur’an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. Prophet Muhammad united the various tribes of Arabia, despite their different ethnicities, lineage and colors into one nation. Why would Al Luhaidan follow Ibn Taymiyyah’s teachings, in splitting the Ummah, and ignore the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad? Here are the clarifications, the clear principles of Islam.
First: If the Salfi belief in declaring jihad on Nussayris is based on them being infidels, Allah did not permit Muslims to fight any human being of any faith, unless they commit aggression against Islam or Muslims. Only then are Muslims are permitted to fight back. See “The Basic Policy of Islam Regarding Non-Muslims: Peace or War?” This Islamic principle holds true even on the battlefield. Allah SWT instructed Prophet Muhammad to give protection and safety to any Meccan Polytheists who was seeking his protection even during a battle.
Verse, 9:6 says, “If any one of the polytheists seeks your protection [while in the state of war,] then grant him protection so that they may hear the words of Allah. Then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are people who do not know.”
The verse did not say “if they did not accept Islam, kill them,” it commands the Prophet to “deliver them to their place of safety.”
There is no record of any Alawi forcing any Muslim to abandon his/her faith or stopping them from practicing their religion. In fact, the vast majority of Alawis are not religious at all, and in such a case, the instruction of the following verse may also apply. The verse directs Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) on how to deal with the polytheists of Mecca.
Verse 9:7 proclaims that "as long as non-Muslims or Idolaters are upright towards you (Muslims), just being who they are, respecting covenants, and acting morally, be upright towards them."
As if the verse is stating the rules that if they broke a covenant, do not break it, like they did; if they are colleagues to you, be friends with them; if they build social bridges with you, socialize with them with that which is permissible, etc. This verse only clarifies Islam’s core message of peace and mercy.
Second: If the Salafi/Wahhabi belief in declaring jihad on Nussayris based on ethnicity and lineage, Islam bans such disparaging attitude. The Prophet PBUH said:
“One who fights under a blind banner (fighting because of lineage, whims, ethnicity), who is puffed up with ta’ssub, calls (people) to fight for their ta’ssub --if he is killed (in this fight), he dies as one belonging to the days of Jahiliyyah (pre Islamic Ignorance or polytheist).”
Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah
“Whoever indiscriminately attacks my Ummah, killing the righteous and the wicked of them, sparing not (even) those devoted in faith, and not fulfilling his promise made with those who have been given a pledge of a security--he has nothing to do with me and I have nothing to do with him.” Muslim
Third: Islam bans corrupting or terrorizing peaceful, safe and secure nations and communities in any land: Allah SWT said:
“And do not deprive people of their property and do not commit mischief on earth, spreading corruption.” Qur'an, 26:183
“And do good as Allah has done good to you. And do not make corruption and disorder in the land. Indeed Allah does not like the corrupters." Qur'an, 28:77
Al-Luhaidan and others like him used illegitimate intrusion and implemented terror on the Syrian people. They ruined hundreds of thousands of lively and peaceful, Muslim and non-Muslim homes, and slayed hundreds of thousands of Muslim lives, many at the hands of their fellow Muslims. These atrocities cannot be, in any manner, the result of the teaching of the noble, merciful and compassionate Qur’an and Sunnah.
The Prophet PBUH said:
“Any who assists in shedding a Muslim’s blood, even as small as half word he shall meet God written on his forehead ‘Hopeless from the mercy of God’.” Ibn Majah, al Bayhaqi, Abu Ya’la
Recruiting Salafi Jihadists to Fight in Syria
To accomplish their acts of devastation and corruption, Saudi Arabia and Qatar recruited Salafi jihadists from Saudi Arabia and other countries into Syria. Salafi jihadists include the Islamic State of Sham and Iraq, ISIS and Nusrah Front.
As a result of this Salafi interference in Syrian affairs, the initial “improve Syria” movement turned into an irreconcilable civil war. Muslims and non-Muslims were being killed indiscriminately. Such Salafi/Wahhabi crusade did not bother to consider the Islamic grand rule of disbelief criterion that states: “The disbelieving person must reject (denounce) Islam from deep within his heart first and then declares it with his mouth.”
If they believe that killing infidels is oaky, which it is not, as was shown above, where is the court of law the Salafi/Wahhabis set to validate the “rejection of Islam” grand rule for each of the thousands upon thousands of Syrians they slayed or accused of infidelity?
Criminalizing Bandar bin Sultan Saudi Arabia Chief of Intelligence
Bandar ben Sultan, who served as the Saudi Arabia Ambassador to the United States for 22 years, was appointed as the head of the Saudi Arabia of Intelligence in July 2012. He was in charge of the Syrian folder himself. He was unable to topple the government of Syrian, despite investing all his cards, including al-Qaeda. He could have trafficked 12,000 Saudi into Syria along with a financing and weaponry supplying networks. Many of the trafficked were criminals in the Saudi jails. The Saudi move cannot be considered anything less than an actual Wahhabi/Salafi invasion of Syria.
It should be remembered that Bandar was absent from major political decisions on more than four occasions since being appointed as general secretary of the National Security Council in 2006. His absence each time was due to the failure of a mission warranting the suspension of his political activity.
According to al-Akhbar news, the vast majority of the Saudis entered Syria was during the period, Bandar bin Sultan was the Chief Director of Intelligence on Syria, July 2012 to December 2013.
Unable to pin Bandar bin Sultan down to disclose his suspicious activities, and possible illegal operations, the Royal order of King Abdullah came to criminalize his operations, and to terminate his career. See http://english.al-akhbar.com/node/19443.
The lives cost in the Syrian civil war is over 150,000; over a million citizens displaced and thousands of businesses and homes destroyed. Rebel explosives have destroyed much of the Syrian economic infrastructure and natural its resources.
Are these acts made to please Allah (SWT) or are they made for the pleasure of the devil? Could the faith of mercy be the faith of terror and destruction? Yes, but only for those who faithfully change the meanings of the Qur’an and follow a distorted creed. Here is a quotation expressing the extremist Wahhabis:
“The doctrines of Wahhabi Islam are playing another role in this war … for they are influencing the culture of war itself. Wahhabists are permitted by their doctrine to “rob, murder, and sexually violate” Jahili (Lopez). Wahhabi extremists are taught from a very young age that all “non-believers” are worthless and subject to persecution and death (Cline; Idris; Lopez; Smith). This extremist Wahhabist view of “infidels” has led the terrorists to use gruesome and hateful methods of torture.
Al Nusra Front Exercises Salafi/Wahhabi Belief
Al Nusra is an affiliate of Al Qaida, a breed of Salafism/Wahhabism, and maintains allegiance to Ayman al-Zawahiri, the group leader. Al Nusra Front was established on January 23, 2012 to operate in Syria.
Here are recent YouTube videos of Al Nusra Front implementing the Wahhabi belief on the Syrian soldiers.
How could anyone who claims to be a Muslim, following the faith of mercy, slay innocent people without due process? Furthermore, Islam does not permit prisoners of war or hostage killing, then in the name of what religion are these people being killed?
Labeling a whole nation or groups of people Sufi, Shia, Alawi or Christian, then kill them, hardens the hearts and souls and harvests criminals. Allah described such people who take matters into their own hands and slaughter people with no due process:
“Then your hearts became hardened after that [slaughter], being like stones or even harder. For indeed, there are stones from which rivers burst forth, and there are some of them that split open and water comes out and there are some of them that fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.”
“Then why, when Our punishment came to them, did they not humble themselves? But their hearts became hardened and Satan made attractive to them that which they were doing.”
“Allah has set a seal upon their hearts and upon their hearing and over their vision is a veil. And for them is a great punishment.”
No Killing Based on Conjecture
Prophet Muhammad hats the killing of any soul. He rejects the killing that is based on conjecture. He sent an expedition to Fadak, among the people was Usamah Ibn Zaid. Usamah killed a person saying the Shahadah (declaration in believing in Allah and His messenger). When they returned, Usamah told the prophet (p) of what he did. The Prophet did not like what he heard. He said to Usamah “Did you open his heart (since faith resides in our hearts) to see whether or not he was a true believer?” Usamah said, how can read his heart oh Messenger of God? The Prophet replied: “You did not belief what he said, and you do not know how to read his heart, then why did you kill him?" For this occasion, Allah (SWT) revealed:
Qur’an 4: 94
“O you who have believed, when you go forth [to fight] in the cause of Allah, investigate; and do not say to one who gives you [a greeting of] peace "You are not a believer," aspiring for the goods of worldly life; for with Allah are many acquisitions. You [yourselves] were like that before; then Allah conferred His favor upon you, so investigate. Indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.”
Salafis Slay Muslim Spiritual Leaders in Russia
The Salafi/Wahhabi creed is not limited to the devastation of the Syrians of today, but it has worked its way into the Sufi Muslims of Russia. In two separate attacks, two Grand Muftis in Russia were attacked along with their acquaintances.
Dagestan’s North Caucasus Mufti, Sheik Said Afandi, along with 6 other Muslims were killed by a suicidal Salafi woman. The Mufti Iidus Faizov of Volga Republic of Tatarsan, Russia and clergyman, Valiullah Yakupov, were terrorized with a car bomb. The injured Mufti escaped death, but the clergyman was gunned down during his escape. Salafis orchestrated the two attacks of these honorable Muslims. The later attack was on July 19, 2012 and the first was at the end of August 2012. Another cold-blooded attack was committed and Sirajuddin Khuriksky, a Sufi leader was killed in 2010.
“Local police reported that on the evening of October 27, two unidentified people gunned down Sirajuddin Israfilov after calling him out of his house in the Tabasaran district village of Khurik. The 56-year-old died on the spot. The attackers managed to escape the crime scene (www.riadagestan.ru, October 27).
He was a well-known figure in his region as well as throughout Dagestan. He was the founder and head of the Islamic Institute in Derbent, which was eventually transformed into a branch of the Imam Shafi’i Islamic Institute in Makhachkala. The sheikh set up and built a myriad of madrasahs in the south of Dagestan, in particular in the settlements where the Tabasarans live. Sirajuddin received the title of sheikh in 1989 from his ustaz (teacher, mentor) Abdullah, who was famous for having lived 115 years. Khuriksky’s role was the same as his predecessor’s – that of spiritual leader of the Tabasaran people.”
See the following links for more information: http://www.segurancahumana.eu/News/1635..?l=EN
What is so ironic is that while the so called Salafi Muslims were slaying Muslims’ spiritual leaders for merely being Sufis and for standing against terrorism, the Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Tatarstan and presented state awards to the wounded mufti, Ildus Faizov, and relatives of the slain cleric Valiullah Yakupov.
A “Kafer, atheist” did what Allah commands Muslims to do, and the so called Salafi Muslims challenged Allah in slaying the sacred souls he was ordered to safeguard. Below are a few Islamic rules surrounding the safeguarding of the human soul. You can see how far away the noble teachings of Islam are from those who claim to be “Salafi Muslims,” and gives them the right to kill, in cold blood, those who do not agree with their philosophy.
• Reservation of the human soul. The slaying of one human soul is as evil as slaying all people, "If any one kills a person, it would be as if he killed the whole people, and if any one saves a life, it would be as if he saved the whole people." Qur'an, 5:32
• Except by mistake, no soul can be taken without a court of law with a due process.
• Hell fire is forever punishment for the one who intentionally slay a believer, “But whoever kills a believer intentionally - his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.” Qur’an, 4:93
• The Islamic grand rule on disbelieving is that, “The person must disbelieve in his heart first then he should verbally declare it by his tongue."
• The grand rule for Muslim fighting nonbelievers, “A disbeliever should not be fought merely for his disbelief, he can only be fought for his hostility.”
• The Prophet (p) said: “Any who assists in shedding a Muslim’s blood, even as small as half of a word he shall meet God written on his forehead ‘Hopeless from the mercy of God’.” Ibn Majah, al Bayhaqi, Abu Ya’la
Note: A grand mufti in the Islamic tradition is the highest religious and spiritual authority in a particular country or state.
The Muslim must not tarnish the image of Islam for the sake of defeating a particular political system, or a sectarian belief. The ultimate goal of a Muslim is displaying genuine Islam, insuring Islam’s image is not blemished. Smearing Islam on the account of a bad president or governing system is indeed destructive and defames Islam and Muslims.
Under this title, “Exporting Hatred” Ambassador Curtin Winsor of the United States of America, who was a special Emissary to the Middle East, reports: “Saudi Arabia, Wahhabism and the Spread of Sunni Theofascism.” The United States has largely eliminated the infrastructure and operational leadership of Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda terrorist network over the past five years. However, its ideological offspring continue to proliferate across the globe. American efforts to combat this contagion are hamstrung by the fact that its ideological and financial epicenter is Saudi Arabia, where an ostensibly pro-Western royal family governs through a centuries-old alliance with the fanatical Wahhabi Islamic sect. In addition to indoctrinating its own citizens with this extremist creed, the Saudi government has lavishly financed the propagation of Wahhabism throughout the world, sweeping away moderate interpretations of Islam even within the borders of the United States.
While Saudi citizens remain the vanguard of Islamic theofascism around the world, the growth potential for this ideology lies outside the Kingdom. The Saudis have spent at least $87 billion propagating Wahhabism abroad during the past two decades and the scale of financing is believed to have increased in the past two years as oil prices have skyrocketed. The bulk of this funding goes to the construction and operating expenses of mosques, madrassas, and other religious institutions that preach Wahhabism. It also supports the training of Imams; domination of mass media and publishing outlets; distribution of Wahhabi textbooks and other literature; and endowments to Universities (in exchange for influence over the appointment of Islamic scholars).” Ambassador Curtin Winsor continued to report that the books and other literature “imprint with the Saudi Embassy” contain:
“Be dissociated from the infidels, hate them for their religion, leave them, never rely on them for support, do not admire them, and always oppose them in every way according to Islamic law.
Whoever helps unbelievers against Muslims, regardless of what type of support he lends to them, he is an unbeliever himself.
Never greet the Christian or Jew first. Never congratulate the infidel on his holiday. Never befriend an infidel unless it is to convert him. Never imitate the infidel. Never work for an infidel. Do not wear a graduation gown because this imitates the infidel.” For reference see, http://www.globalpolitician.com/default.asp?23661-saudi/
The Bigger Picture
“Wahhabi proselytizing is not limited to the Islamic world. The Saudis have financed the growth of thousands of Wahhabi mosques, madrassas, and other religious institutions in Western countries that have fast-growing Muslim minorities during the past three decades. Wahhabi penetration is deepest in the social welfare states of Western Europe, where chronically high unemployment has created large pools of able-bodied young Muslim men who have "become permanent wards of the state at the cost of their basic human dignity."
“The lack of a formal ecclesiastical hierarchy within Sunni Islam renders traditional religious institutions weak in the face of well-funded Wahhabi missionary activities. Most Sunni Muslims look to their local Imams for religious guidance. In poor countries, these Imams and local leaders often find it difficult to resist the small amounts of Saudi aid that accompany Wahhabist missionaries. Moderate Imams do not have a comparable source of financial patronage with which to combat its spread. Important fronts in this campaign are in south and southeast Asia, where the majority of the world's Muslims live. In Pakistan, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia and southern Thailand, Wahhabis have co-opted (or replaced) village and neighborhood Imams and there is a fresh stream of converts returning from stays as guest workers in Saudi Arabia. The children of poor converts are often taken to Saudi Arabia for "education" and many are returned as cannon fodder for use by Wahhabi terrorist fronts.”
Inception of Wahhabi Creed
In the historical past, influenced by the teachings of Ibn Taymiyya, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahab (c.1703–1791) created Wahhabism. Convinced that it was his religious mission to wage jihad against all other forms of Islam, he began the conquest of his neighbors in 1763. By 1811 the Wahhabis ruled all Arabia, except Yemen, from their capital in Riyadh. The Ottoman sultan, nominally suzerain (a feudal lord of sorts) over Arabia, had vainly sent out expeditions to crush them. Only when the sultan called on Muhammad Ali of Egypt for aid did he meet with success. By the year 1818 the Wahhabis were driven into the Nejd desert.
Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab’s extremist views and doctrines led to controversy in Uyaynah (his town). Many of the town’s leaders were not fond of his fundamentalist approach to Islam. Merely invoking the name of the prophet Muhammad, was by al-Wahhab’s standards, a grave sin. In 1744, he was expelled from Uyaynah. Al-Wahhab then settled in Ad-Dir'iyah, which was under the control of a powerful tribal leader named Ibn Sa'ud. Ibn Sa’ud became a believer of Wahhab’s doctrines and the two formed a strong alliance. Al-Wahhab and Ibn Sa’ud swore a Muslim pledge with each other in which they vowed to establish a new state that would operate under al-Wahhab’s strict interpretation of Islamic Law. (Ahmed; Anon., Wahhabism; Bijlefeld; Haykel; Hisham; Metz, Kuwait; Metz, Saudi). Thus began a military campaign that would shake the Arabian Peninsula to its core. Wahhabism provided Ibn Sa’ud with the justification he needed to raid and conquer nearby settlements. Though these settlements were Muslims (traditional Islamic law prohibits Islamic states from attacking each other), the Wahhabi doctrine viewed all non-Wahhabists as infidels. It was then that Ibn Sa’ud found a legitimate purpose to bring the nearby settlements under his control, to spread “true Islam” to the infidels. (Ahmed; Anon., Wahhabism; Bijlefeld; Haykel; Hisham; Metz, Kuwait; Metz, Saudi) The Wahhabists were indiscriminate in their killings of Muslims and non-Muslims. They soon gained a reputation as brutal and fanatical warriors. They were described as being so fanatical that they had little regard for their own lives. Their sole purpose was to kill the enemy. By the time of his death in 1765, Ibn Sa’ud had managed to gain control over most of the region and had spread Wahhabism to those conquered lands. (Ahmed; Anon., Wahhabism; Bijlefeld; Haykel; Hisham; Metz, Kuwait; Metz, Saudi).” [http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1173310/posts]
Ta’sub and Ghulu
Ta’sub and ghulu are the breeding grounds for stiffening hearts. Hate and radicalism are often the results of closed minds and hardened hearts, which are hideous characters in Islam. Ta’sub is a deep attachment to creeds, lineage or culture. Ta’sub often times blinds the individual from seeing the truth or recognizing sound knowledge. Extremism and narrow mindedness can be extremely dangerous and divisive. When two boys, one from Ansar and the other from Muhajereen got into an argument over water, they brought up their lineage. (Ansari over Muhajeri, etc) The Prophet (p) heard the boys and said: “Why the Jahiliyah (ignorance times) call? Stay away from it. It is rotten.” Bukhari
Ta’sub creates dissension and discord because it is single sided and seen only from ridiculed angles.
A cousin of Ta’sub is Ghulu (excess, overemphasis and exaggeration). Ghulu is another immoral character which leads to stiff hearts and dry souls. Islam is the religion of just and rightful-truth (al Huqq) and moderation. The Prophet (p) said:
“Be aware of Ghulu in religion. What destroyed these before you is Ghulu in their religion.” Bukhari
Also, Allah (SWT) said:
“Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship.” Qur’an, 2:185
The prophet also said: “The best of the religion to Allah is the straight forward and easy (al Hanafiyatu al samhah).” Masnad Imam Ahmad and al Tabarani
Moderation, middle of the roads and the easier of any two choices are the ways of the Prophet (p). These rightful traits are essential qualities of faith for every believer, since they are the keys to favorable atmospheres for all.
Is Wearing a Head Cover and Robes for Men (Thawb) Sunnah (Prophetic Tradition)
Earlier on, there was a statement in reference to the type of clothing the Imam in question was wearing. It’s not to belittle the clothing style, but to make a reference to this wearing trend among young Imams that this clothing model is not an absolute Islamic one. Do Muslims have to have beards, put on headgear and wear short robes to be considered as practicing Muslims? Unfortunately to some this is fact and could be the ultimate goal. Some Imams teach that this cosmetic look and clothing style is a Prophetic Tradition. They are neglecting the fact that this clothing style was common style and is most suitable for the desert environment. What they also forgot is that Abu Jahl and Abu Lahab, the worst enemies of the Prophet wore the same style.
Wearing head covers or hats is a must in the desert. Without a protection for the head from the heat of the desert’s sun, one can easily suffer a heat stroke, which is often fatal. Loose clothing helps cool the body in the extreme heat of the desert. Wrapping the head and face except for the eyes, in cloth, protects the face from the blowing sand. Remember, Allah (SWT) created the camels with double eyelids for this reason. Besides, this desert wearing style can be fatal for persons living in Siberia, Russia, Alaska or parts of Canada in the winter. Harming one’s body is an offense in Islam.
More often than not, the clothing style one wears can annoy people. From a better Da’wah vantage point, Imams and others may benefit from the Prophet’s saying: “Speak the language of your people.” Communication is not just by the tongue, it can also be the understanding of people’s culture. It can be by considering people’s decent standards and traditions. The clothing style the Prophet (p) wore was the same style his people wore. If the sunnah is to follow the Prophet (p), then the Muslim’s wearing style should not be different from the clothing style of his own people, not mimicking that of the seventh century. Furthermore, being odd, eccentric, foreign or strange stimulate people’s dislike, since people tend to fear the strange and the unknown.
Action’s Intent Verses Action’s Format
In Islam the intent and goal of an action is central to the issue at hand and not so much to the shape or format of it. A car's function is to get its riders from point A to point B safely, irrespective of its color or shape. Hence colors or shapes are secondary. The goal of piety is action that first seeks the pleasure of Allah, and causes no harm to Islam or others. Then comes the format and shape of the action. Once a man came to the Prophet (p) and said:
“Oh Prophet of God, I conducted the seven ritual rounds of Sa’ie before circling the Ka’ba, the Prophet replied: ‘no issue, the issue is in one coming close to the honor (sexual approaches, luring, defamation, etc.,) of his brother.’” Sunan Abu Dawood
Understanding the core functions of Islam and paying little attention to digressive issues can cut away much of Muslims hostilities, setbacks and failures. So much damage can be caused to families, friends and social structures when one involves himself in his brother’s or friend’s honor. This is where one must pay attention and be keen, but as the Prophet (p) said, "no issue," there can be for the proper order of rituals. One needs to have the sense of what is prudent in Islam and what is not, and then act accordingly.
Where to Go From Here
What can one do to help stop the widespread defamation of Islam? What is the solution to the Wahhabi radicalization, blood shedding and militancy problems?
To begin resolving the hate and violence crisis, one should begin sincerely thinking with an open heart and clear mind, towards resolving these issues.
Each Muslim needs to learn the peaceful life of Prophet Muhammad (p) and the way he interacted with people of all beliefs peacefully while avoiding bloodshed and wars. The Qur’an should be read as it was revealed to the Prophet of mercy (p), with a purified heart and a rational mind.
One must stop listening to negative speeches loaded with disgust and bigotry. Hardened hearts lack empathy and feelings of pain and consciousness for fellow people. Heartless people, indeed, are shut off from the mercy of Allah (SWT); their ears hear not and their eyes see not the truth.
“And We have certainly created for Hell many of the jinn and mankind. They have hearts with which they do not understand, they have eyes with which they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless.” Qur’an, 7:179
Slaying people based on religious beliefs is a dangerous and radical epidemic, and young people can easily be drawn into it.
In search of answers as to where do we go from here, the author invite Muslims and non-Muslims to contemplate the following subjects to understand the genuine and peaceful faith of Islam:
• Watch the Legacy of Peace documentary to get a feel for the essence, mercy and rationality of Islam.
• With an open mind and a rational heart explore these articles:
Refuting Ibn Taymiyah’s Philosophy of the Two Versions of Tawhid (monotheism)
• Watch and listen to the following scholarly, detailed and eloquent video presentation by Dr. Adnan Ibrahim of Vienna disproving Ibn Taymiyah’s philosophy of the two versions of monotheism that permitted Wahhabis to declare war against whole Muslim nations who themselves believe in the Oneness of Allah. (Arabic). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qAgO0RyIBd4&feature=plcp
• Is Islam peace and mercy or horror and terror? Allah (SWT) commands:
“O you who have believed, enter into Islam [peace] completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.” Qur’an 2:208
• The Prophet (p) pursued his way by education and discipline, and not by terminating lives. He came to change what is in the hearts and minds of people, and not to slaughter them to ensure success. As the late Dr. Hassan Hathout said: “Doctors are to cure patients, not to kill them.” Instead of killing people, the Prophet (p) often forgave people and let them go free without any bloodshed or harm. Here are some examples for us as reminders.
The Prophet forgave the people of Taiff, though they injured him and drove him away from their town.
The Prophet treated the Bedouin who urinated in his mosque with kindness and mercy by explaining to him the reason why he should not urinate in such holy place.
The Prophet conducted the peaceful treaty of al-Hudaybiyah with his enemy, rather than the typical fighting and bloodshed Arabia was used to.
In her book “Biography of the Prophet”, Karen Armstrong stated:
”Far from being the father of Jihad, Muhammad was a peacemaker, who risked his life and nearly lost his closest companions, because he was so determined to effect a reconciliation with Mecca. Instead of fighting an intransigent war to the death, Muhammad was prepared to negotiate and to compromise. And this apparent humiliation and capitulation proved, in the words of the Qur’an, to be a great victory [fat-‘h]...”
After nearly 20 years of hardship and execution of Muslims, Prophet Muhammad (p) returned to his birth city, Mecca and entered it without retaliation or bloodshed. He addressed the people with his famous words: "Go about (wherever you please), for you are set free." Here the Prophet (p) did not look back at the twenty–year bad record of Quraysh with the Muslims, but yet he forgave them and let all of them go free. This indeed reflects the core values of Islam—mercy and forgiveness, away from arrogance, bloodshed and intolerance.
The Prophet forgave Hind who plotted to kill his uncle Hamza, and who actually had the heart to chew his liver after he was martyred. The Prophet also forgave the two people who spread the false news against the honor of his wife Aisha.
Muslims around the world must be educated of the danger of creeds of extremism and heartless and unjustly slaying of human souls. The ultimate ending of this philosophy is self-destruction either by man or by Allah (SWT):
“Have you not seen that Allah created the heavens and the earth in “huqq” [rightful truth and just cause]? If He wills, He can do away with you and produce a new creation.” Qur’an, 14:19
The creation of the heavens and earth is based on the standard of huqq, the rightful truth. When man crosses the line of righteousness and acts in devious ways by twisting facts and following his own desires, Allah (SWT) warns such people that He is swift in punishment and capable of replacing them with people who act within the boundaries of the rightful truth.
Allah (SWT) sanctioned the human soul and particularly that of the believer declaring:
“And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by [legal] right." Qur’an, 6:151
Allah (SWT) also said:
“But whoever kills a believer intentionally - his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.” Qur’an, 4:93
Allah (SWT) guards the human soul even during wars. He commands:
“And if they incline to peace, then incline to it [also] and rely upon Allah. Indeed, it is He who is the Hearing, the Knowing.” Qur’an, 8:61
Sanctity of the Human Soul.
“If any one kills a person, it would be as if he killed the whole people, and if any one saves a life, it would be as if he saved the whole people.” Qur’an, 5:32
Returning bad with good. Allah (SWT) said:
“And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel [evil] by that [deed] which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity [will become] as though he was a devoted friend.” Qur’an, 41:34
Certain people of the Wahhabi creed adopt an un-Islamic method of hate and ferocity. The near and far fallouts of this distasteful philosophy is violence and carnage. Legitimizing the indiscriminate and savage killing of Muslim and non-Muslim souls in the name of God is a crime against God, Islam and humanity. Proselytizing the Wahhabi, or any creed on people is an act against Allah (SWT), who has based beliefs on conviction, not compulsion.
It is disheartening and shameful to see the meandering of the meaning of the verses of the Qur’an for hate, backed by the rich petro-dollars states. Such will only build and promote unfriendly and hardened hearts, and destroy the core values and spirit of Islam worldwide.
Muslims of all creeds, gender and age must re-evaluate the basics of their faith; must not follow teachers with speeches and attitudes of hate, and must weigh issues with clear, unbiased minds. Muslims should stand firm against acts of Satan and most of all the smear of Islam.
As the Syrians were moving to improve their country, the Wahhabists petro-dollar opportunists contaminated the movement with militarism and bloodshed, and turned it into a war that literally destroyed Syria. Concerned Muslims must work diligently to end this crisis. Growing in faith and moving onward with life requires tranquility, peace and stability.
True believers must work to ensure that cases of hate like that of Egypt’s Coptic Christians and Muslims should not originate nor grow anywhere in the world, including Egypt.
“Al Huqq,” the rightful truth, is Allah’s rule in creating the heavens and earth. When man faithfully chooses to transgress the boundaries of al Huqq or make the right, wrong and wrong, right, that’s when the curse and wrath of Allah overcome those people. The destiny of those who violate the fair laws of the creation set by Allah is to succumb:
“Have you not seen that Allah created the heavens and the earth in truth (al Huqq)? If He wills, He can do away with you [because of your transgressions] and produce a new creation.” Qur’an, 14:19
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